Robert Cox Triangle Pooyaka pooya karambakhsh

Social forces, states and world orders: Beyond International Relations Theory

This post is a summary of Robert Cox’s highly influential paper, Social forces, states and world orders: Beyond International Relations Theory.


The Legitimacy of Trade Unions

In the Legitimacy of Labor Unions, Peter Levine assesses three major moral debates against unions: utilitarian, libertarian, and democratic. He concludes that union are at least as legitimate as other institutions.

Theories of Union Power

This post is a summary of John Kelly’s Theories of collective action and union power (2011). Kelly employs Lukes’s three dimensions of power and analyses unions’ power accordingly. He also provides five types of theory on union power: market theory, resource mobilisation, institutionalism, labour process, and mobilisation theory.

Figure 5 - The dynamic macro-model

Understanding class

A summary of Erik Olin Wright’s paper, Understanding class – towards an integrated analytical approach. The article distinguishes three main approaches to class analysis: the individual-attributes approach, the opportunity-hoarding approach, and the exploitation-domination approach.